Tracking Rhino in Kaziranga

Located on the banks of the Brahmaputra River, Kaziranga National Park covers a huge area and is home to the largest number of endangered Indian one-horned rhinoceros in the sub-continent. With a largely flat and open grassy terrain, Kaziranga gives the visitors a chance to see the fauna at fairly close quarters. An alarming depletion in Rhino numbers due to hunting and poaching led to the conservation of this area in 1926, then later declared as a sanctuary in 1940. Though illegal poaching still constitutes a major threat to the rhino population, their numbers today are healthy. A day’s outing is more than sufficient for visitors to see the major species here. As the rising sun touches the hills in the distance, herds of barasingha and wild buffalo are seen in the marshes. The most ferocious bovine in the world, the massive wild buffalo is impressive and often weighs up to 900kg. Rhinos browse unconcernedly as the visitors pass by and an occasional herd of elephants or wild boar is also sighted. The grasslands are raptor country and the crested serpent eagle, the Pallas fishing eagle, and grey-headed fishing eagle can be seen circling the marshes. The water-bird variety includes swamp partridge, bar-headed goose, whistling teal, the Bengal florican, storks, herons and even pelicans.

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